Indo-Japanese Music Exchange Association
T M Hoffman

schedules etc :

e-mail :

music, scenes, and history of IJMEA and T M Hoffman (9 min. video)   

Japanese website 和文サイト -

Hindustani classical vocal and Japanese poetry with Lucknow musicians in Jogenji (Kanagawa, 2004)

<sample projects & events [ click here for details and photos ] >

Asian Classical Crossover
Indian Classical Music on Japanese Shakuhachi & Koto

< Indian software + Japanese software >

Japanese and Indian instruments (for example, stringed instruments koto and sitar, and flutes shakuhachi and bansuri) share similar capacities and limitations, and are more naturally suited to music based on melodic modes than to music based on harmony. These Japanese instruments - and many other Asian instruments - are more naturally compatible with Indian music than are Western instruments that are brought into India for such purposes. While relatively few modes (senpo) are recognized in traditional Japanese music, Indian classical music employs hundreds of distinctly different modes known as raga. Each raga has its own unique scale structure, ornamentation characteristics and mood, and many of these are completely adaptable to shakuhachi and koto. Through studying specific ragas, one can appreciate the vast scope for solo improvisation on such instruments. Furthermore, true crossover can be accomplished - that is, authentically rendering Indian classical music on the Japanese instrument with all the appropriate nuances.

Performance - INTEGRAL ASIA
Indian Classical Music on ShakuhachI & Koto & Indo-Japanese Vocal Music

first India performance - Bhatkhande College 60th Anniversary (Lucknow, 1987)

East-West Center (Honolulu, 1991)

Pakistan National Council of Arts
(Islamabad , 1998)

with Afghani & Indian artists
(Tokyo, 2000)

Mt Myogi Sakura Festival concert
(Gunma, 2001)

performing shakuhachi, koto & thumri
(Delhi University, 2005)

with percussion master Anoor Ananthakrishna Sharma
(Bangalore, July 2008)

for august assembly at Sarvodaya 50th anniversary in BMIC
(Colombo, March 2009)

Indian music concert series at Moratuwa University
(Sri Lanka, Mar 2009)

in Diwali Festival with Amit Mishra & Sakiko
(Yokohama, Oct 2009)

with S Indian masters Anil, K V Prasad, Ravikiran & Akkarai
(Chennai, Feb 2010)

singing thumri at City Pulse Institute of Film & Television (Ahmedabad, Dec 2010)
India -Japan Global Partnership Summit
(Tokyo, Sep 2011)
‘Asian Cities Arts Festival’
(Singapore, Mar 2012)
music & wife, love & life in spa resort
(Nagano, Oct 2009)

Authentic classical performance of ragadari sangeet from the Hindustani (north Indian) tradition and with material of Carnatic (south Indian) music. Free-rhythm melody alap sets the mood, followed by compositions and improvisation in conjunction with tala, the rhythmic cycles of Indian music, and spontaneous dialogue with drums tabla, pakhawaj, mridangam, etc. Co-performance with Indian and other compatible instruments and styles is also possible. With vocal music, in addition to standard forms and styles khayal, thumris, bhajan with texts in Hindi and other Indian languages, classical poetry of Japan - tanka, haiku and others – is employed in performance of compositional and improvisational styles. Both the instrumental and vocal intra-Asian crossover applications have been thoroughly researched and cooperatively developed with the participation and guidance of leading artists and educators of both North and South India and Japan.

Lecture-Demonstration & Workshop
Indian raga on Japanese instruments and with Japanese poetry

for staff of Bhatkhande Music Institute
(Lucknow, Mar 2006)

with students of Bhatkhande Music Institute
(Feb 2008)

for staff & students of Int'l Christian University
(Tokyo, Oct 2005)

in int'l conference in Kalai Kaviri College
(Tirucchi, Tamil Nadu Dec 2007)

workshop in Pandit Jasraj home
(Mumbai, Jan 2008)

at The Energy & Resources Institute with Dr R K Pachauri
(New Delhi, Feb 2011)

In these sessions, we examine the principles of raga and how they relate to Japanese music and instruments, and then select one or more ragas to practice on shakuhachi (and/or koto). Methods of playing raga together with the Indian rhythmic cycles tala are also demonstrated. Examples may be taken from the instruction book Raga for Shakuhachi & Koto (1989), written originally in Japanese by Hoffman while using shakuhachi to complete the Visharad (=shihan) program for Indian flute bansuri in Bhatkhande College of Music, Lucknow, India.

Working with the Happening Generation

Following years of events with adult artists and in university settings, we find that involvement in creative R & D in music from a young age allows fresh impressions to blossom. Hands-on experience with the user-friendly, multifaceted and durable koto is combined with guidance for understanding modal melody and rhythm. The effect is evident in the eyes and actions of the participating youth, and is appreciated by their mentors, parents and guardians who observe their excursions into both familiar and novel aural and manual territory. These programs are also popular with schools in USA.

lecture-performance for/with students of Bharat Kalachar
(Chennai, Feb 2008)

pros perform with students & staff of American Int'l School
(Chennai, Jan 2011)

Principal and students at Rishi Vidyalaya Gurukulam (Visakhapatnam, Feb 2011)

Some Previous Performance and Workshop Venues

Japan: Embassy of India, Ongaku-no-tomo Hall, Mitaka Arts Center, International House of Japan, Gunma State Assembly: Keio University, International Christian University, Tokai University, Osaka Gakuin University, Shuchi-in University, Musashino Academy of Music; major temples Kenchoji, Gokokuji, Ishiyama-dera; national NHK radio & TV, other media

India: Embassy of Japan, Japan Cultural and Information Center, India International Centre IIC, Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts IGNCA, National Centre for Performing Arts NCPA, Ambedkar Auditorium, Delhi University, Madras University, Gandharva Music College, Allauddin Khan Music Festival, All-India Radio, TV

: East-West Center, Center for World Music, Princeton University, Cornell University, University of Chicago, San Diego State University, Oregon University; high schools and elementary schools; broadcasts by Voice of America, FM stations, Internet

: London University, Pakistan National Council of the Arts (Islamabad), Shilpakala National Academy (Dhaka), Ceylon Radio (Sri Lanka), Silpakorn University (Thailand)

About Indo-Japanese Music Exchange Association IJMEA 日印音楽交流会 (Nichi-In Ongaku Koryu Kai)

Indo-Japanese Music Exchange Association is a private, non-profit organization founded in Tokyo in June 1989 for the purpose of promoting opportunities for Japanese and Indian musicians to observe, study and appreciate the classical music of their counterparts, both as performing art and subject of theoretical and historical study. Founding members of this Association have, through research and applied studies, ascertained that significant structural, stylistic and historical relationships exist between Indian and Japanese musics, and that interaction between musicians of the two cultures can enhance understanding and development within the respective traditions and in the broader context of Asian music. The Indo-Japanese Music Exchange Association is guided by an advisory board comprised of fourteen respected cultural figures of Japan and India. Over fifty Association members in Japan and India are performing artists, teachers and advanced students with deep interest in Japanese, Indian and/or other Asian classical musics. [ click here for IJMEA details ]  

Primary activities of the Indo-Japanese Music Exchange Association (1989-present)
* Conduct workshops and provide specialized training - Indian raga for Japanese instruments, and Hindustani vocal music
* Direct and facilitate cooperative performances by artists of Japan, India and other cultures
* Organize intercultural projects/international visits of artists and educators

* Assist in research and publishing and coordinate with other media on related subjects

About T. M. (Tim) Hoffman

shakuhachi guru Yamaguchi Goro in concert
(Tokyo, Oct 1985)

on the same stage w/Yamada Hiroyo & others

sitar & vocal training under Dr M D P Mudunkotuwa
(Sri Lanka, 1980-81)

vocal training under Pandit Ganesh Prasad Mishra
(Lucknow 1985-89, continuing)

* Born & raised in USA, four decades in Asia - 28 years Japan, 7 years India, 2 year Sri Lanka, + others
* Honors graduate (USA, Japan, India) A.A. (Grossmont College, San Diego), B.A. (International Christian University, Tokyo), M.A. (University of Hawaii/East-West Center); Visharad 5-yr degree in Hindustani classical vocal & flute/shakuhachi, Madhyama 3-yr degree in tabla (Bhatkhande College of Music – Lucknow, India)
* Trained by renowned masters in piano (Grace Mundorf Myers, USA); shakuhachi (late Living National Treasure Yamaguchi Goro, Japan); North Indian classical vocal (Benares gharana doyan Ganesh Prasad Mishra, India); sitar & Sinhalese music (Dr M D P Premadasa Mudunkotuwa, Sri Lanka); also studied/trained under masters of Indonesian, Korean and other musics
* Performer of Japanese and Hindustani classical on shakuhachi, also Indian vocal (concerts & TV/radio in India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Japan, USA, England, etc)
* Organizer of many visits to India (for total 22 Japanese musicians) and Japan (for 12 Indian musicians) for cooperative workshops and performances
* Presenter of public lecture series for Tokyo gov't, Japan Foundation, various national and regional cultural facilities in Japan and India, and workshops for musicians
* Author of Raga for Shakuhachi and Koto (instruction book, in Japanese), numerous theses, journal articles, columns etc in Japan and India
* Translator of fiction and poetry collections for prominent Japanese authors and works for UNESCO, Japan Foundation, Japanese & Indian government agencies; also numerous Indian song texts (Hindi-English/Japanese)
* Consultant, documenter, contributor in international musicology conferences
* Producer of intercultural performances; CD Khyal and more for JVC World Sounds Series; CD INTEGRAL ASIA featuring top Indian and Japanese artists
* Founder of Indo-Japanese Music Exchange Association in 1989
* Lecturer & Professor in Ethnomusicology (from 1993, Musashino Academia Musicae; from 2006, Keio University; other); guest lecturer in leading universities of India, Japan, USA, Europe, SE Asia, Korea, etc
* Awarded Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Trophy (Hindustani classical vocal music; India 1987); East-West Center Fellowship (ethnomusicology; USA 1990-91); Deroy Award from Foreign Correspondents’ Club of Japan (for intercultural exchange; Tokyo 2003); American Institute of Indian Studies AIIS Senior Performing and Creative Arts Fellowship (adapting Japanese koto to Indian classical music; India, USA, Japan 2006-08); title
Sangeet Acharya (India 2008)

If you would like to host or sponsor a performance, lecture-demonstration or workshop in your area, or would like more information, please contact

T M Hoffman
Indo-Japanese Music Exchange Association
130 Yoshizaki, Shimonita-machi, Kanra-gun,
Gunma-ken JAPAN 370-2604
tel/fax: +81-274-82-3160


Hear Sound Samples of CD INTEGRAL ASIA

featuring T M Hoffman along with leading vocalist of India’s Benares gharana, top koto artist of Japan, and two celebrated tabla artists of India

Rag Marva -shakuhachi & tabla
Rag Jayjayvanti (1)
- shakuhachi & tabla
Rag Jayjayvanti (2)
- shakuhachi & tabla
Rag Bhairavi (1)
- voice, koto (Hoffman) & tabla
Rag Bhairavi (2)
- voice, koto (Hoffman) & tabla
Haiku & Khyal (1) - voice, 25-stringed koto & tabla
Haiku & Khyal (2)
- voice, 25-stringed koto & tabla
Tsugaru (1)
- 25-stringed koto & tabla
Tsugaru (2)- 25-stringed koto & tabla
Tsugaru (3)
- 25-stringed koto & tabla
        Order a copy of INTEGRAL ASIA CD

more about T M (Tim) Hoffman

Avant Garde of Oriental Music
Interview by National Network of Education (India)
“American musician finds East meets East”
Daily Yomiuri ‘Cultural Inroads’ feature (Japan 2006)

“US maestro enchants music lovers ”
Chandigarh Gov’t Museum concert review (India 2007)
“Champion of Classical Crossover ”
Bharat Bhavan concert review (Bhopal, India 03 Aug 08)
"Pioneer of Classical Crossover"
SS Music - The Great Wall of Music (India, June 2009)

Asian Classical Crossover – Developing Performance of Indian Classical Music on Japanese Koto
Project as Senior Performing & Creative Arts Fellow, American Institute of Indian Studies AIIS
July 2006–January 2008 (completed)

Application of Japanese koto in Indian classical and semi-classical music, both as instrumental music and as accompaniment to vocal music. Development of technique and styles in conjunction with artists and institutions in India. Koto instruments donated to three premier Indian institutions. Koto to be added to curriculum as instrument of Indian music training in Bhatkhande Music Institute (Lucknow).

w/ Guruji training grandson Rishi Mishra
(Lucknow, July 2006)

on Kolkata TV w/ Baul musician Tapas Balui (Santiniketan, August 2006)

workshop for postgrad students in University of Delhi (September 2006)

AIIS Japanese koto + Indian raga project outline

Sample media coverage: charity concert Visakhapatnam, AP (India) 31 Jan 08 (review w/photo)

Some Memorable Intercultural Music Projects

India, Sri Lanka & Singapore events 2012
23 January – 20 March (17 events)
Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, West Bengal, Delhi. Colombo, Singapore
concerts, teaching residencies, symposia, workshops, including 3 official events in
60th anniversary of India-Japan & Sri Lanka-Japan diplomatic relations
<special thanks to American Int’l School Chennai & National University of Singapore >

Music Therapy & Nada Yoga intl symposium (Bangalore) lecture-concert in JSND Japanese School New Delhi
University of Visual & Performing Arts lecture-concert
(Colombo, Sri Lanka)
East Meets East concert in Asian Cities Arts Festival
National University of Singapore

[ click here for schedule ]

India & USA music & education events 2011
17 December 2010 – 20 February 2011 <<<>>> all-India (17 events)

Gujarat, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, New Delhi

<special thanks to American Int'l School Chennai & Rishi Vidyalaya Gurukulam>

w/Ambassador, Consul-General, MP & business leader (Bangalore) exciting koto meets its match in Rishi Vidyalaya (Andhra Pradesh)      

19 September - 10 November <<<>>> USA (14 events)
California, Utah, Maryland, Pennsylvania, New York
<special thanks to Asian Arts & Culture Center (Towson, MD), NYC friends & UCLA>

Maryland College of Arts lecture-demo
Univ of Maryland/Towson University Center for the Arts concert (Towson)
[ click here for schedule ]

India music & education events 2010
10 January – 03 March 2010 <<<>>> all-India (20 events)
music festivals, int'l conferences & university events
<special gratitude to Satguru Sivananda Murty, Sruti magazine, Benu Leeberson, Anil Srinivasan, Chitravina Ravikiran >

[ click here for schedule ]


South Asia music & education events 2009
16 February - 29 March 2009 <<>> Sri Lanka & India (22 events)
T. M. Hoffman (shakuhachi, koto, vocal, music direction)
+ artists in music, dance, drama & scholars in interdisciplinary events

[ click here for schedule ]

[↓ click on items to expand ↓ ]


American artist in classical crossover of Asian music
(concert titles vary locally)

11 July - 12 August 2008 <<>> all India
T. M. Hoffman (shakuhachi, koto, vocal, music direction)
+  eleven Indian artists in six cities

locations/events :

Bangalore 11-15 July * Int’l Musicology Conference & Music Festival
“Africa Meets Asia” lecture-demonstration, seminars, etc
Bangalore 16-18 * 2 concerts & 2 workshops
Kolkata 19-22 * American Center concert (22nd)
Lucknow 24-30 * workshops at Bhatkhande Music Institute; research<>

Bhopal 1-4 Aug * Bharat Bhavan concert, Bhopal University program
Mumbai 5 * American Center concert
Udaipur 6-9 * sessions with folk and classical artists of Rajasthan<>
Delhi 10-12 * reports to US Embassy & AIIS; university conference<>
<> = Indo-Japanese Music Exchange Association-supported events
[↓ click on items to expand ↓ ]


(concert titles vary locally)

08-22 March 2008 <<>> South India

official India-Japan Friendship Year events

T. M. Hoffman (shakuhachi & vocal, music director) <> Mai Suzuki (koto & vocal)
Tetsuya Sato (tabla & percussion) <> Sakiko Aruga (tambura, tour coordinator)

+  four exemplary Indian artists

Anantha Krishna Sharma (mridangam, tabla) <> Dr Fr Paul Poovathingal (Carnatic vocal)

Guruvayoor Sanoj (mridangam) <> Prof. Abdul Aziz (violin)

organized by Indo-Japanese Music Exchange Association
with support of Japanese Government Ministry of Foreign Affairs
cooperation of Japanese Consulates & AOTS Alumni Chapters

locations/events (all dates in March 08) :
Bangalore 10-12 / concert on 11th at YAVANIKA Hall
Chennai 13-15 / concert on 14th at Dakshinachitra Centre
Kochi (Cochin) 16-18 / concert on 17th at Lotus Club Hall
Thrissur 18-20 / concert on 18th at Kerala Sahitya Akademi Hall
* Lecture-demos in AOTSJapan Centre (Chennai) and Bangalore University

standard program repertory
traditional Japanese flute shakuhachi solo
classical koto+shakuhachi compositions with song
Indian classical raga on shakuhachi with tabla/mridangam

Japanese contemporary compositions along with Indian instruments
other Indo-Japanese collaborations with Indian artists and instruments

Sample media coverage (India)
Tampura meets shakuhachi! - New India Press full-page story on 17 Mar 08 Cochin concert
Where two strains of oriental music merged - The HINDU Thrissur 19 Mar
Best of both the worlds - Deccan Herald 11 Mar 08 Bangalore


Echoes of the Ganga

06-23 June 2007 <<>> Kanto & Kansai

ten official events in India-Japan-Friendship Year

Indian classical, folk and sacred music & Indo-Japanese music
two generations of India’s musical Mishra family join celebrated musicians of Japan

Vidyadhar Prasad Mishra (vocal)  <>  Rishi Mishra (vocal)
Amit Mishra (tabla)  <>  Sandeep Mishra (sarangi)
T. M. Hoffman (shakuhachi & vocal)  <> others

All events including internationally renowned artists and institutions of Japan
Japanese Tsugaru shamisen artist, Swiss master of Chikuzen biwa,
TV-acclaimed Indian singer of Japanese songs enka, Indian kathak dance master,
Japanese master of mendicant komuso shakuhachi, Japanese tambura artists, others

standard program repertory
North Indian classical and light classical vocal with sarangi & tabla
Japanese poetry & instruments with Indian forms & styles
sarangi solo with tabla & tabla solo with sarangi
folk & seasonal songs of Uttar Pradesh
Indian devotional music

events (all dates in June 2007)
< photos & details at >
06 (Wed)  Core Hall (Takasaki) - w/Japanese shamisen and shakuhachi
10 (Sun)   Toshima Kokaido (Ikebukuro, Tokyo) - w/shakuhachi
12 (Tue)   Gifu City Culture Center (Gifu) - w/shakuhachi (two artists)
13 (Wed)  Nagoya Atsuta Playhouse (Nagoya) - w/shakuhachi (two artists)
14 (Thu)   Osaka Gakuin University (Osaka) - w/biwa, shakuhachi, kathak dance
15 (Fri)     Shuchiin University (Kyoto) - w/shakuhachi, Buddhist shomyo
17 (Sun)   Ishi-Yama-Temple (Otsu) - w/biwa, shakuhachi, kathak dance
19 (Tue)   Keio University (Hiyoshi, Yokohama) - w/enka songs, shakuhachi
21 (Thu)   Parnassos Tama Hall (Tama, Tokyo) - w/ shakuhachi
22 (Fri)     Foreign Correspondents Club of Japan (Tokyo) -with enka, shakuhachi

w/shamisen Baisho Matsumoto (Takasaki, 06 June)

w/Rabinder Malik's enka at FCCJ (Tokyo, 22 June)


Indian Classical and Asian Crossover Music Project - Japan 2006

Ethereal Music of Earth, Water, Fire, Wind

17-31 May 2006 <<>> Kanto area

Sudhir Gautam (jaltarang & santur) <> T. M. Hoffman (shakuhachi & koto)
Probir Mittra (tabla) <> Sakiko Aruga, Hiroko Aoki, Naoto Kasahara (tambura)

organized by Indo-Japanese Music Exchange Association (Japan office)
with cooperation of Embassy of India, Indo-Japanese Association & Air-India

   < photos & details at (Japanese) >

date & time   venue & event content / producer
20 May 17:00  Mitaka City Arts Center (Tokyo)
  public performance ‘Eternal India’ / Mitaka City Arts Foundation
23 May 19:00  Kanra Kawara Museum (Kanra Township, Gunma)
  performance & collaborations with pottery artists / Kanra Fukushima Ceramics Industry
25 May 18:30  Gunma Prefectural Building Hall (Maebashi)
  public performance / Arts & Culture NPO Spirit Network Gunma
26 May 16:45  Takasaki University of Health and Welfare (Takasaki, Gunma)
  open lecture/concert and seminar on music therapy / university Student Union
19:30  Takasaki City Concert Series at FOR (Takasaki)
  public performance ‘Wind on the Water’ / Takasaki City News & Chamber of Commerce
27 May 16:00 20:30  Edogawa-ku Seishincho Community Center (Tokyo)
  ‘Sound Asia Expo - sangeet sangam’co- performances and social evening with Asian musicians
   (India, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Japan, etc) / Indo-Japanese Music Exchange Association & SHANTI Tea
29 May 18:00  Bach Hall, Musashino Academy of Music (Iruma, Saitama)
 w/jaltarang at Musashino Music College Bach Hall
(Iruma, 29 May)

 w/santoor at United Nations University (Tokyo, 30 May)


A World of Music

T. M. Hoffman (USA) - shakuhachi, vocal, koto, piano <> Abdur Rahman (Bangladesh) - tabla, vocal
Thomas Charles Marshall (Ireland) - biwa, vocal, tambura <> Chikara Suda (Japan) - cello, percussion

*Takasaki concert on 14 October 2005  Takasaki City Gallery/Core Hall
   *Tokyo concert on 20 October 2005  Nakameguro GT Plaza Hall

Satsuma biwa * biwa & shakuhachi improvisations * Japanese & Indian classical music on shakuhachi * Bengali folk songs
Hindustani classical vocal * Japanese classical poetry in Indian music * Irish folk songs * European Baroque music * American jazz * percussion ensemble

Japanese classical + improvisations

 Afghan folk music on instruments of Europe, Japan & India


   <in Japanese>
Book:  Raga for Shakuhachi and Koto (text & Indian and Japanese notation) 1989
Journals:  “Measured and unmeasured rhythm in India and Japan I, II” in Ongaku Geijutsu/Music Art, 1982-83
“Language, music and time” 1998, “Principles of diminution and augmentation in language and music” (2002),
“A survey of South-North Asian exchanges in music and language” 2006  Journal of Musashino Academia Musicae; others
‘Traveling in four directions with sound’ - 24 essays in monthly Tenjiku-Nanban Jouhou (India and the West)
    <in English>
 “Music in Japan, Music in India: Relationships and Potentialities” Journal of the Sangeet Natak Akademi, New Delhi 9/89
"Musico-Linguistic Culture of India and Japan: Exploring Foundations for Collaboration in Music and Language Arts"
Journal of Institute of Asian Cultural Studies 17, International Christian University, 2008
Japan Times & Asahi Evening News (many articles on Asian performing arts)
     translation (Japanese-English)
* Cultural Administration in Our Nation (Japanese Gov’t Ministry of Education, 1985)
* fiction, short story & poetry collections published by Oxford University Press, gov’t publishers of India, Thailand, others
*Japan Foundation Asian Performing Arts series - many 30-page booklets (1993-2004)
* Music of the World - Smithsonian/Folkways USA (original production by JVC) , South Asia section
(Hindi-English-Japanese) translation/analysis of over seventy poetic texts of classical vocal music

* with very special thanks to Monty H. Levenson of Tai Hei Shakuhachi